The order, which has been gazetted as the Terrorism (Prevention) (Proscription Order) Notice 2013, affects both Boko Haram (Jamaatu Ahlis-Sunna Liddaawati Wal Jihad) and Jama’atu Ansarul Muslimina Fi Biladis Sudan (Ansaru). The order was approved by President Jonathan pursuant to section 2 0f the Terrorism Prevention Act, 2011 (As Amended).
A statement by the Special Adviser to the President on Media and Publicity, Rueben Abati, said this “officially brings the activities of both groups within the purview of the Terrorism Prevention Act and any persons associated with the two groups can now be legally prosecuted and sentenced to penalties specified in the Act”.
Boko Haram is currently engaging Nigerian forces in a battle in the North Eastern part of the country. The group has claimed responsibility or is blamed for the killing of thousands of people since it launched its violent offensive in 2009.
Ansaru carries out fewer attacks and largely focuses on the kidnap of foreigners and attack on security personnel.
The president declared a State of Emergency in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa in order to curtail the activities of the insurgents after other options appeared not to be working. The U.S. also officially labeled the Boko Haram leader, Abubakar Shekau, a terrorist and placed a $7 million (N1.1 billion) bounty for his capture.